Shandong is situated in the eastern coastal region and in the lower reaches of the Yellow River. Since it is located in the east of the Taihang Mountains, so it got its name: Shandong, which literallymeans "east of the mountains" in Chinese.
Shandong plays a significant role in Chinese civilization due to its time-honored history and rich culture. Human beings once lived here 40-50 millions years ago, which has been proved by Fossils of ape-men unearthed locally. While Dawenkou and Longkou Cultural sites, having been existed for 4000-7000 years, further demonstrate the ancient culture of Shandong.
Shandong is also known as "Qilu" because of the existence of the states of Qi and Lu During Spring and Autumn Period. People often describe Qilu culture by using "one mountain, one river, one saint". "One mountain" refers to Taishan Mountain. Taishan mountain is important in Qilu Culture, not only because of its magnificent scenery, but also because it is a high mountain which has been central to Chinese culture throughout history. "One river" means Yellow River. The Yellow River is the mother river of China and the cradle of Chinese civilization while Shandong is the home and support of theYellow River. "One saint" refers to Confucius the ancient Chinese philosopher.
Shandong belongs to a typical temperate and monsoonal climate with four clearly distinct seasons. Shandong is hot and rainy in summer, while it is cold and dry in winter due to monsoonal influences. Relatively speaking, spring and autumn are the golden seasons for traveling with pleasant temperature.
Shandong is not only famous for is time-honored history but also for its rich tourist resources. It forms distinctive styles of its own by combining gorgeous natural landscapes, numerous historical and cultural relics and local features. It owns 7 national key scenic spots, 7 noted historic and cultural cities and 1 historic and cultural village. Among them, Taishan Mountain and the Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius in Qufu have been placed into the China World Cultural and UNESCO Natural Heritage List.
Qingdao, a charming coastal city of Shandong province, is praised as a resort paradise in Shandong travel guide. It also holds International Beer Festivals annually. When you pay a visit to Qingdao, you can swim in the sea, drink Tsingtao Beer, eat fried clams and climb Mt. Laoshan. Jinan is the capital city of Shandong and it is famous for 72 famous springs such as "The Number One Spring in the World" Baotu Spring. Weihai is a clean and peaceful city with many beautiful parks. So it has been elected one of the most suitable for human habitation anywhere in the world.