The Songshan Shaolin Temple in China is a key center for learning and spreading Buddhism. Buddhism precedes Shaolin martial arts. Shaolin Temple was first built in the Northern Wei Dynasty Taihe nineteen years, is the Emperor Xiaowen Yuanhong for Indian monks postscript preaching mission, and then became a place for meditation and martial arts, both in the mutual penetration of common development. Shaolin Temple as the carrying of Shaolin martial arts, is based on Zen as the main body.
The most important feature of Zen is "not writing", so as to get rid of many advanced theories of Indian Buddhist scriptures and to make "clear-heartedness" based on the practitioners' perceptions. How to inspire "perception"? Zen use of everyday words, an action, a shout, a stick, burst of fist, to inspire understanding. Zen practice depends on its own experience, this approach, method and martial arts are interlinked.
First, the combination of Buddhist ceremony and Shaolin boxing ceremony
Namaste and Baizhi Li are the basic etiquette of Buddhism. Whether it is a single palm or both hands as long as the chest, head slightly lower, eyes closed, take the station, bending over or sitting knee position, in order to table devout. Shaolin martial arts "Baoquan Gong hand ceremony" is a variation of Buddhism "at the". Buddhism's "Namaste" is a combination of two hands and ten fingers, meaning palm, heart and Buddha's heart, unspoken. The Shaolin martial arts, "Baoquan Gong hand ceremony", a hand form a martial arts punch hand, the two embrace, that all corners of the globe are brothers, unity and mutual respect. In the practice or fight, but also say "Please ...", trying to abandon the portal opinion. Single palm gift is used when handheld devices, usually based on personal habits, one hand holding instruments, the other hand single palm gift. Since 1986, Wushu education has implemented a unified policy of "hug" and given new meanings: the right hand makes a fist of Yu Wu and the "wuxia friend" Metamorphosis is not arrogant, left palm four fingers together and similar universal martial arts solidarity martial arts. It can be seen that the interaction between Buddhist etiquette and Shaolin boxing ceremony and Chinese martial arts etiquette. "Etiquette, Etiquette" is the most basic etiquette and precepts of Buddhism and Shaolin martial arts.
Second, meditation meditation and Shaolin sitting together
Buddhist Zen entry is meditation meditation, meditation, including meditation, meditation and other links. Zen refers to the whole process of meditation and meditation. Meditation refers to the meditation method used during meditation. Meditation refers to the quiet state of mind acquired during meditation. Meditation meditation is said to be a superior state, it is all into the static law. "Zen by the cloud," asked: "What is the cloud Zen, what is the cloud?" A: "Delusion is not a Zen, sit nature see." And Shaolin Wushu's entry is to sit, in order to rule out all lustful thoughts As the basis. It is a natural coincidence that a meditation, a meditation, mode, method and function with similar effects. There are many meditation sitting method, the most influential in the Shaolin Temple to the number of "only view" and "Wall View School" two. At the beginning of the construction of the temple, the initial form of Shaolin Wushu belief was meditation. It was taught by the Indian monk Batu Tuo, of which the Hinayana Buddhism (also known as "Hinna") belonged to the Basis. Stop-view is the way to get rid of distractions so that you can concentrate on your situation. At that time, there were mainly master monks such as Seng Thong, Huiguang and Dao Fang. The teachings by Damo are Mahayana Buddhism (also known as "Mahayana"), belonging to the Wall View School and the Wall View School, , Heart no breath, heart, such as walls, to hinder the interference of all sorts of distractions. Wisdom is mainly Hui Ke, monk deputy, Tao Yu and other generation master. Among them, Hui can "set off snow off the arm," the legend has become an important spiritual pillar of practicing Shaolin martial arts.
Zen meditation to sit, to rest in peace. This kind of silent Zen patriarchal law restricts the physical activities of the monks and undoubtedly damages them. Together with the Shaolin Temple is located in the mountains jungle, was sparsely populated, beasts flocks, infested, a direct threat to the monk's life and safety. This objective phenomenon and the natural environment provide the conditions for the emergence and development of Shaolin martial arts. From this we think: The origin of Shaolin martial arts is to protect themselves as the first premise, as for nursing homes, military and political purposes are the later things.
Third, the combination of Buddhist discipline and Shaolin Prohibition
The precepts are the basic rules of conduct that the Buddha made and all the monks and fours must abide by. From the precepts to the two hundred and fifty precepts, it covers all aspects of daily life of believers. It embodies the moral requirements of Buddhism from good to evil, knowing just what is right. According to "Buddhism Recite Necessary," said: The earliest written dedication of five, that is, one does not kill; two steal; three do not prostitution; four nonsense; five do not drink. Into the teachings of the commandment can be held whether or not, and was regarded as monuments Golden rule, in accordance with the implementation. As for the emergence of Shaolin Wushu "Ten Prohibitions", we must first examine the process of Shaolin martial arts. From a macro perspective, there is no such thing as Shaolin Literature: Shaolin Boxing is based on the military practice and the essence of folk martial arts Developed, is the product of the collective wisdom crystallization. From the microscopic point of view, Shaolin Quan was created by a specific person. According to "The Shaolin Monk Zhi" and "The Earliest Monk of the Shaolin Temple" Textual Research: Since the abbot stayed in Shaolin Temple, Known thick monk, which is the earliest monk elders Shaolin Temple, known as Xingwu ancestor. Shortly after Epilogue opened base, "thick Zen continue", continue to find the "Zen Wu" combination point. At that time, only Monk thick with such conditions. Therefore, we have reason to call "Monk thick as the" first person combined with Zen ".
Monk thick is Postscript Abbot Shaolin Temple, recruit one of the two apprentices. Postscript Tuo said: "From the east of Congling, Zen most, Ru people carry on." This evaluation is very high. Sinko thick repair Zen deep foundation, not only in Shaolin Temple within a short time repair, but experienced a juvenile "fall hair", the young cast "huge deer King Temple" and the Shaolin Temple compound. When Monk fused Zen Wu in one, it is time for his abode Shaolin Temple, advocating Boxing Zen is one of the things in the reason. Monk thick Jackson's martial arts is the integration of folk martial arts and Shaolin martial arts as a furnace, monks martial arts in the formation of an irreplaceable role.
The emergence of martial arts in Shaolin provided the necessary conditions for the creation of a monk's covenant, without which there was no radius. At that time, there appeared the ancient Shaolin "Ten Covenants": a forbidden renegade; two forbidden thoughts; three forbidden words; four forbidden floating arts; five forbidden theft; six forbidden; seven forbidden; eight forbidden Chao; nine forbidden bullying; ten promiscuous. This is the earliest Shaolin martial arts terms and conditions, its formation is closely linked with the monk, monk Chung Zen Buddhism since Zen, after taking office, he naturally wanted to pass on his disciples to teach Wu, strictly forbidden, in order to facilitate the missionary Detention and self-defense double purpose. From the Buddhist "Five Precepts" and the "Ten Covenants" of the Shaolin Martial Arts, they all fall into the same strain. All of them are included in the "Ten Prohibitions". Only the "Ten Prohibitions" emphasizes the content of the martial arts. This is exactly the reason why Buddhism and Shaolin martial arts One of the important combination of points. Later, Jueyuan re-ordered "Shaolin Temple ten precepts", the martial arts monuments and Buddhist commandments integrated.
Shaolin Wushu is said to be a peculiar phenomenon in the history of world religions. Shaolin martial arts with the essence of martial arts completely resist the doctrine of Buddhism, but can be integrated together, but also the world crown. The most important reason is the power of "abstinence", which can be summed up in two aspects: Suntech not force, re-keep not heavy attack. Respect morality, not force, punish evil and promote good, self-defense. For example, Shaolin martial arts emphasize that "do not hit eight or eight dozen" and "eight dozen" are all parts that will not cause serious injury and can control their opponents. Anyone who does not fight is a deadly part. Avoid sharps, promote blunt. Shaolin Wushu is famous for sticks, which is its original purpose of self-defense. The physical condition of the monks varies. They should each use convenient equipment. However, monks in Shaolin are dominated by sticks. Everyone can make sticks and become a rule. Because the stick's lethality is far inferior to the metal weapon such as swords, basically in line with the limited use of Buddhist disciples identity.
Fourth, Buddhist health and the combination of Shaolin skills
The wise master in the "Six Miaofa Men," the second that: Buddhist health law, to fix as the essence, the key lies in the number, with, stop, concept, but also the net six words. Six revised methods are emphasized breathing method, to reconcile the atmosphere, no decentralized meaning, quiet its quiet into the static state. Shaolin martial arts known as seventy-two arts, of which thirty-six internal skills, and Yi Jin by the pulp and the second by the law. Second law, the momentum also. Qi refers to the inner cultivation, and the potential refers to the cultivation of the outside world, the key lies in both the gas and the potential. Grasp the momentum, they grasp the heart of the essentials. As far as the cultivation of qi or qigong is concerned, the gas outside is the gas of qi and blood, the gas of qi and qi is the gas of real yuan. If you want to spit satisfied with the qi and blood pass, infuriating, the method is the orderly orientation of the luck, temperament, breathing; the general steps for the Dan, the number of God move, cast and Xiandan six parts The method includes and, spin, note, view, Chung, drain, close, pressure, set and so on, with the number, with, stop, view, also has a natural net fit. In accordance with the requirements of the second law: as long as the breathing method is correct, interest rate adjustment in place, timely luck, natural blood smooth, lively and lively, the effect was shocking. Such as Shaolin martial arts monks can do trip number of times the atmosphere does not breathe, that is, thanks to the distinctive breathing method of Shaolin internal strength. In addition, the strong Qigong in the Shaolin Hard Qigong, iron sand palm, cinnabar palm belong to the list of Breathing. Breathing surgery outbreak, you can rock Kenshan, this is the unique place of Shaolin martial arts; and internal repair and can live longer, which is consistent with the goal of Buddhist regimen.
Fifth, Zen essence and Shaolin combination of heart and soul
Zen to "do not set the text, teach foreign bibliography, directed at the people, see sexual Buddha" as the practice of this. The so-called "do not set the text, teach other people do not pass" means that Zen pay attention to verbal language, from the language, direct Buddhist heart seal, so it is beyond rhetorical. The so-called "directed at the people, see the sexual Buddha" is Zen most unique practice method. It abandons all forms of direct contact with the inner world and nature, and takes the heart of the mind as the goal of cultivation.
"Buddha in the heart," the essence of "altar" in the "everything", in their own hearts. Five ancestry Hongrun master said "do not know the heart, learning law useless." All this shows that the monks should have a "quiet heart". Only "quiet mind" can be restrained by reason, logical judgment and habit dynamics during the weekday, and can dig up potential instincts to reactivate vitality. Shaolin martial arts inherited the essence of Zen, pay attention to the practice of the heart. When practicing the heart stress "heart as one of the Lord, facial features limbs Bailiangrui. Heart a move then gas easily floating, floating gas visual trance, hearing loss of hearing loss, hand, foot and wrong, how can the enemy change in a sudden room." Shaolin boxing spectrum In the "ear and heart together more benefit refined, head and heart together more Yi Ming, mouth and heart together more Yi-Yong, nose and heart together more energy, hand and heart together faster." "Five elements co-Qi, the heart of a dynamic and inner strength," emphasizes the role of the heart.
Six, Buddhism title and routine name combination
"Lohan" is a monk of Buddhism who sever all desires and relieve his troubles; "King Kong" is the name of the Buddhist practitioner Luxian who takes Vajrapani with his Buddhist counterpart; "Yasha" was originally translated from Sanskrit by the Indian mythology Of the Little God, Buddhism became the ancient Chinese after the legendary story of the "Czechoslovakia ghost", the wicked, brave and swift. Shaolin boxing to take its "special" "power" "brave" as the name of boxing. Such as one to nine Road Rohan eighteen hands, Hugo Sonomon eighteen hands, Shaolin Lohan boxing, Rohan eighteen hands on the practice, Rohan wrapped up on the practice, the Shaolin equipment name, boxing tactics, there are many such titles. Such as small yak sticks, big nightclub sticks, Liu wind wrapped Yakun stick, Shaolin Fulong bowl, Shaolin whisk, Wind magic Chanzhang and so on. Shaolin four-step whip song tactics are: Lohan Dan Chai picked on the shoulder, Luohan receive whip off the station before; Shaolin double whip song tactics are: Jinguangzhan Zen Temple, Lohan unleashed turn over, Luohan view array flying cloud whip, Luohan Shou received back to the meditation hall; Shaolin care 钺 movements are: Boy worship Buddha, Watching the sea, etc., all reflect the integration of Buddhist culture and Shaolin martial arts.
In addition, based on the Buddhism "Zenism", Shaolin martial arts also incorporates the Confucian "benevolent" and Taoist "philosophical" thoughts. External Confucianism is one of the characteristics of Shaolin martial arts, Shaolin martial arts original intention is to protect themselves and monasteries, injuries, disability and death to each other, and in Taddy's "benevolence" constraints, limiting the injury, Disability and lethal phenomenon, which is the fundamental to the development of Shaolin martial arts. The formation of Shaolin Wushu can not be separated from the exchange of Chinese and foreign cultures; the exchange of religious culture and secular culture; the exchange and integration of regional cultures. Among them, religious culture includes Buddhist philosophy and Taoism philosophy, and is embodied in Shaolin Boxing. Such as the three bright method, the four shoots Qi theory, the five elements of the law, tripartism nursed back to law, contains a wealth of dialectical thinking.
In short, the superior martial arts of Shaolin martial arts always with a bit Zen, more a bit subtle, which is the charm and mystery of Shaolin martial arts, but also people sought after motivation and source. After 1500 years of development, the Shaolin Temple has concluded nine stages of practicing Shaolin martial arts through the study of monks throughout the ages: attachment, admiration, ambition, obsession, action, understanding, belief, perception, and seeing. The first five phases are the practice in the general sense. The last four phases are the combination of "Prajna Paramita" and Shaolin Wushu. Through such a special stage, the practitioner's belief in Buddhism will be effectively enhanced.